Tony Chennault's

Human Anatomy and Physiology Page

Welcome to BIOL& 242 (Spring Quarter 2017) at Clark College! 

My Contact Information:

Biology 242 Announcements

Week 3 (Apr. 25-28) -- This week's lecture assignments:

* BEFORE each lecture -- skim the relevant parts of the upcoming chapters in Martini, and read through the upcoming lecture note slides.  Our focus for this week is Ch. 29 (Tuesday) and Ch. 19 (begin Tuesday, finish Thursday). 

* AFTER each lecture -- read the relevant sections of the chapter(s) that we discussed (coordinating the reading with your notes), and ACTIVELY study and learn the concepts.  Examples of ACTIVE include re-writing/typing/organizing/phrasing your notes, making flashcards, mind-mapping...above all, try to paraphrase (put the info into your own words) if you can.  Remember, you're always working first to UNDERSTAND the concepts, and then you work to convert that understanding into KNOWLEDGE (there is a big difference between the two!).  Resources for helping you UNDERSTAND the concepts include:  your book, your classmates, the web, and your instructor (me!).  

* Continue REVIEWING concepts you already have down from the first two weeks.

* If you haven't yet, check out the Prep Guide for Lecture Exam 1 (posted below).  In addition to practice test questions, it also has the specific exclusions for the assigned reading in the textbook chapters for this unit.

* If you haven't yet, start trying the "self-testing technique" described on p. 7 of the syllabus to see what you truly know (or don't know)!

* When we finish our discussion of Ch. 19 on Thursday, we may or may not still have time left in the class period.  If we do, we may devote some of that time to a review session for Lecture Exam 1, guided by your questions.  So if you have any questions about the concepts we've been learning over the first few weeks of the quarter, be ready to ask them Thursday!

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Biology 242 Course Materials for Winter 2017

BIOL& 242 Syllabus, Spring 2017


Note:  because the prerequisite for Clark's two-quarter A&P sequence (BIOL& 241 and BIOL& 242) is successful completion of BIOL& 160, you should be fundamentally proficient in the following learning outcomes from the textbook Concepts of Biology by Fowler, Roush, and Wise:  Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 11.


BIOL& 242 Ch. 18 (Endocrine) Notes

BIOL& 242 Hormone Chart

BIOL& 242 Ch. 28 (Reproductive) Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 29 (Prenatal Development) Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 19 (Blood) Notes


BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

The key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide will be posted on or around 4/27.



BIOL& 242 Blood Tracing Exam Informational Handout, Spring 2017


As you know, the A&P sequence is tough, and it requires a lot of outside-of-class study time and effort in order for you to give yourself the best chance to excel.  A while back, I asked some of my best A&P students to tell me what they did to help them score well on the lecture exams.  Here's what they said.

Here's an article that references a research study about a simple writing exercise to help reduce test anxiety

Biology 242L (LAB) Announcements

Week 3 (Apr. 25-28) -- Information about this week's labs:

* Lab Exam 1 will take place during your first (or only) lab of this week.  Exception:  if you are registered for lab section VL (Thursday night), remember that your designated Lab Exam 1 day/time is this Tuesday 4/25 at 8PM.  Don't forget:  you must attend your registered lab section (or, in the case of section VL, your designated day/time) for Lab Exams.  (In other words, no "floating" on exam days.) 

* At some point before your lab exam, please read through these ahead of time -- they are the lab exam protocols that will be projected onto the screen during the exam.

* Please note:  labs on Thursday (4/27) and Friday (4/28) of this week will be for getting started with Unit 2 (the cardiovascular system) of lab; you are strongly encouraged to attend lab one of those two days.  If you are in lab section TL (Tuesday night), then you are invited to "float" into any other lab next Thursday or Friday so that you get the important information and experience you need to get off to a strong start with Unit 2 of lab.  (Keep reading for more information about beginning Unit 2 this week.) 

The following assignments for beginning Unit 2 (cardiovascular system) can be completed outside of regular lab time:  

* ASAP -- begin your outside-of-lab PREP WORK take the cells/tissues/organs/structures/vessels in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual (pp. 16-23) and start finding them, circling/highlighting them, and reading about them in your textbooks.  For Martini, look in Ch. 19 (blood), Ch. 20 (heart), and Ch. 21 (blood vessels).  In Leboffe, check out Ch. 6 (blood) and Ch. 12 (blood vessels) for good histological images.  Finally, use the index of your Netter atlas to find detailed drawings of what you're looking for.  Overall, learn about the items on your list as much as you can outside of class (focusing on what makes each of them unique/identifiable), so that your valuable lab time is spent efficiently with the slides, models, and cadavers. 

* Soon -- start finding one FUNCTION for each item that has an asterisk (*) next to it in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual.  Martini (Ch. 19, 20, 21), Leboffe (Ch. 6, 12), the FYI intro/background material in the Lab Manual, and my lecture notes are good initial resources for functions -- feel free to team up and work together to share your findings with each other if you want!  Make a separate function list to help you learn them.     

During regular lab time this week, you should:

* Use your resources (see above) and work together to find the cells/tissues/organs/structures/vessels in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual (pp. 16-23) on the slides, models, and cadavers available in lab.  Focus on what makes each specific item unique and identifiable vs. the others.  When you feel like you have some of them down, review them, and then work with a partner to practice testing each other.

Remember, this coming weekend (4/29-30) there are no open labs.

After this week's labs, and before next week's labs, you should:

* Continue to do your outside-of-lab PREP WORK (see above) on the cells/tissues/organs/structures/vessels in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual that you haven't gotten to yet.  Continue to work on finding one FUNCTION (see above) for each item that has an asterisk (*) next to it in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual.

* To help you prepare for the sheep heart dissection activity during your first (or only) lab next week (and make the activity run as smoothly as possible), work on getting to know the anatomy of the human heart as best as you can from the diagrams in your resources (and on the models in lab, if you get a chance).  Some good pictures of human hearts in your resources include Martini (10th Ed.) pp. 688, 691, and 696; and Netter (6th Ed.) pp. 211, 215, and 221. 

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Biology 242L (Lab) Materials for Spring 2017

BIOL& 242L Lab Manual, Spring 2017

Unit 1 (Endocrine/Reproductive) deletions:  cremaster muscle (p. 11), nurse cells (p. 12), corpus albicans (p. 14) -- updated 4/11/17


STEM Building (SBG) A&P Open Lab Schedule for Spring Quarter 2017:

        8:30AM-6:30PM on 4/22, 4/23, 5/13, 5/14, 5/20, 5/21, 5/27, 5/28, 6/10, and 6/11

        If our A&P Lab (SBG 315) is locked during the above dates/times, find the instructor next door in SBG 309, and he or she will let you in to our lab.

A&P Links

My colleagues Professor Mark Bolke and Dr. Rick Rausch have compiled extensive collections of links to web resources that you may find useful and interesting during your study of A&P.  Check 'em out!

Professor Mark Bolke's links page

Dr. Rick Rausch's links page

The Archive:  Course Materials From Previous Terms

Biology 160 Course Materials from Fall 2016

Biology 241 Course Materials from Winter 2017

Biology 242 Course Materials from Spring 2016 -- Note:  if you are taking my BIOL& 242 course this spring (2017), feel free to preview these but do not print them, as I will be editing them during the quarter and some content and/or organization may change.  I'll have the "new and improved" versions of my notes posted in the "Biology 242 Course Materials for Spring 2017" section of this website (scroll up) by the night before each lecture at the latest, and most often sooner.