Tony Chennault's

Human Anatomy and Physiology Page

Welcome to BIOL& 251 (Spring Quarter 2015) at Clark College! 

My Contact Information:

Biology 251 Announcements

Sat. 5/23/15 -- Grading update:  I made good progress grading lecture short answer/essay answers today, but I still have a significant number of them to go.  I will give another update later in the day tomorrow (Sunday).  As always, thank you for your patience, and I hope you are enjoying your weekend so far!

Thu. 5/21/15 -- Lecture assignments for today and the weekend:

* After you take Lab Exam 2 today or tomorrow, I encourage you all to once again exhale and try to do something fun to get away from A&P for a little while to recharge your batteries for the final stretch of the quarter.  Then, it's time to once again get back into the A&P learning groove!  Which means (for lecture)...

* BEFORE next Tuesday's lecture -- read (or at least skim) the first 1/3 to 1/2 of Ch. 10, and read through the first 1/3 to 1/2 of the Ch. 10 notes (they're posted below). 

* AFTER today's class -- get a second reading (or your first reading, if you only skimmed before) of the relevant sections (see the next paragraph for the details about which parts of Ch. 9 are fair game or not) of Ch. 9 that we discussed today (coordinating the reading with your notes), and ACTIVELY study and learn the concepts.  As you know, some examples of "ACTIVE" studying include re-writing/typing/organizing/phrasing your notes, making flashcards, mind-mapping...above all try to paraphrase (put the info into your own words) if you can.  As always, work first to UNDERSTAND the concepts, and then work to convert that understanding into KNOWLEDGEResources for helping you UNDERSTAND the concepts include:  your book, your classmates, the web, and your instructor (me!).

As you do your reading for both Ch. 9 and Ch. 10, keep in mind that not all of the chapter content will be fair game for the next lecture exam.  Here are the excluded sections:

Specific Exclusions (note that all page numbers I refer to are from the 9th Edition of Martini et al.):


For Chapter 9 (Joints) in Martini et al., I am specifically excluding pp. 258 (starting with the beginning of Section 9-3) 273 (up to the beginning of Section 9-7), with the exception of Section 9-4, from your exam material responsibilities.


For Chapter 10 (Muscle Tissue) in Martini et al., I am specifically excluding pp. 313 (starting with the beginning of Section 10-8) 314 (up to the beginning of Section 10-9) from your exam material responsibilities.


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Biology 251 Course Materials for Spring 2015

BIOL& 251 Syllabus, Spring 2015


BIOL& 251 Ch. 1 Notes

BIOL& 251 Ch. 2 Notes

BIOL& 251 Ch. 3 Notes

BIOL& 251 Ch. 4 Notes

BIOL& 251 Ch. 5 Notes

BIOL& 251 Ch. 6 Notes

BIOL& 251 Ch. 9 Notes

New!  BIOL& 251 Ch. 10 Notes


BIOL& 251 Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

BIOL& 251 Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

New!  BIOL& 251 Lecture Exam 3 Prep Guide

The key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 3 Prep Guide will be posted sometime on or around 6/4.


BIOL& 251 Lecture Exam Protocols and Multiple Choice Exam Tips


As you may have heard, the A&P sequence is tough, and it requires a lot of outside-of-class study time and effort in order for you to give yourself the best chance to excel.  A while back, I asked some of my best A&P students to tell me what they did to help them score well on the lecture exams.  Here's what they said.

Here's an article that references a research study about a simple writing exercise to help reduce test anxiety.

Did you know that Clark's Career Center offers FREE Student Success Workshops on a variety of topics, including note-taking, reading for college success, test-taking tips, test anxiety, time management, stress management, multitasking, procrastination, and more?  Click here for more info, including a link to the workshop schedule for Spring Quarter 2015...and if the workshop time you're interested in has already occurred, occurs too late in the quarter to be of any help to you for this quarter, or conflicts with your schedule, contact them to see if you can still at least get the information that they offer on each topic.

Biology 251L (lab) Announcements

Week 7 (May 19-22) -- Preparation for Lab Exam 2:

 * Continue to review and study the bones and bony features/structures on the list (pp. 19-24) in your Lab Manual, using your main resources (Martini Ch. 7/8, Netter, and Martini's Atlas of the Human Body).

* Labs on Tuesday and Wednesday this week will be for review and practice testing.  If you are in lab section VL (Thursday night) or lab section EL (Friday afternoon), and if you want review time in lab this week, then you will have to "float" into a different lab on Tuesday or Wednesday.

* Access to the lab for review purposes for all students will end at noon this Wed. 5/20, at which point I will begin setting up the bones for Lab Exam 2, which begins the next day.

More about Lab Exam 2:

* Lab Exam 2 will take place during your second (or only) lab of this week.  Exception:  if you are registered for lab section TL (Tuesday night), remember that your designated Lab Exam 2 day/time is this Thursday 5/21 at 8PM.  Don't forget:  you must attend your registered lab section (or, in the case of section TL, your designated day/time) for Lab Exams.  (In other words, no "floating" on exam days.) 

* At some point before your lab exam this week, please read through these ahead of time -- they are the lab exam protocols that will be projected onto the screen during the exam.

After you take Lab Exam 2:

Whew, our second big exam week is over!  I encourage you all to once again exhale and try to do something fun to get away from A&P for a little while to recharge your batteries a bit (enjoy the holiday weekend!).  Of course, you don't want to ignore A&P for too long, so when you feel a bit refreshed and are ready to go again, here are some things you can do to prepare for next week...

* Read pp. 25-26 of the Lab Manual, and get ready to follow the cadaver room protocols and muscle study tips as best as you can.  Then, before you show up to lab next week, take the muscles on the Muscle List that you received in lab (you can also scroll down for the link to an electronic copy of the list) and start finding them, circling/highlighting them, and reading about them in your textbooks.  For Martini, look in Ch. 11.  In your Netter atlas, use its index to find detailed drawings of what you're looking for.  Learn about the muscles as much as you can ahead of time (focusing on each muscle's location, size, shape, fiber direction, and relative other words, what makes each of them unique/identifiable), so that your valuable lab time is spent efficiently with plenty of quality time spent in the cadaver room.  If/when you feel you are ready, you are also welcome to come to open labs this weekend (the lab will be open the usual hours Saturday and Sunday, despite the holiday on Monday), as the cadavers are available for study (we will be using cadavers 3, 4, and 5)...again, just make sure you follow the cadaver room protocols on p. 25 of the Lab Manual.


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Biology 251L (Lab) Materials for Spring 2015

BIOL& 251L Lab Manual, Spring 2015

New!  BIOL& 251L Muscle List, Spring 2015

BIOL& 251L Osmosis Lab Activity Handout


A&P Open Lab Schedule for Spring Quarter 2015:

        Saturdays and Sundays, 8AM - 6PM


A&P Links

My colleagues Professor Mark Bolke and Dr. Rick Rausch have compiled extensive collections of links to web resources that you may find useful and interesting during your study of A&P.  Check 'em out!

Professor Mark Bolke's links page

Dr. Rick Rausch's links page

The Archive:  Course Materials From Previous Terms

Biology 251 Course Materials from Spring 2014 -- Note:  if you are taking my BIOL& 251 course this spring (2015), feel free to preview these but do not print them, as I will be editing them for the upcoming quarter and some content and/or organization may change.  I'll have the "new and improved" versions of my notes posted in the "Biology 251 Course Materials for Spring 2015" section of this website (scroll up) by the night before each lecture at the latest, and most often sooner.

Biology 252 Course Materials from Summer 2014

Biology 253 Course Materials from Fall 2014

Biology 164 Course Materials from Winter 2015