Tony Chennault's

Human Anatomy and Physiology Page

Welcome to BIOL& 241 (Winter Quarter 2016) at Clark College! 

My Contact Information:

Biology 241 Announcements

Week 6 (Feb. 9-12) -- This week's lecture assignments:

* BEFORE each lecture -- read (or at least skim) the relevant parts of the upcoming chapters in Martini, and read through the upcoming lecture note slides.  Our focus for this week is the rest of Ch. 12 on Tuesday, and then Ch. 13 on Thursday. 

* AFTER each lecture -- get a second reading (or your first reading, if you only skimmed before) of the relevant sections of the chapter(s) that we discussed (coordinating the reading with your notes), and ACTIVELY study and learn the concepts.  Of course, examples of ACTIVE include re-writing/typing/organizing/phrasing your notes, making flashcards, mind-mapping...above all, try to paraphrase (put the info into your own words) if you can.  Remember, you're always working first to UNDERSTAND the concepts, and then you work to convert that understanding into KNOWLEDGE (there is a big difference between the two!).  Resources for helping you UNDERSTAND the concepts include:  your book, your classmates, the web, and your instructor (me!).  

* Continue REVIEWING concepts you already have down from Ch. 10 and the first half of Ch. 12.

* If you haven't yet, check out the Prep Guide for Lecture Exam 2 (posted below).  Remember, in addition to practice test questions, it also has the specific exclusions for the assigned reading in the textbook chapters for this lecture unit. 

* If you haven't yet, start using the "self-testing technique" described on p. 7 of the syllabus to see what you truly know (or don't know)!

Mon. 2/8/16 -- Are you interested in doing scientific research (and getting paid for it too)?  If so, click here for information about a free, one hour, on-campus seminar this Friday 2/12 12-1PM in APH 201.

Sun. 2/7/16 -- Nice job overall on Lab Exam 2, folks:  the average was 81.2/100, which is good for the always-challenging bone practical!  Find your score here.  You'll get your graded Lab Exam 2 back in lab this week.  See you Tuesday!


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Biology 241 Course Materials for Winter 2016

BIOL& 241 Syllabus, Winter 2016

Note:  because the prerequisite for BIOL& 241 is successful completion of BIOL& 160, you should be fundamentally proficient in the following learning outcomes from the textbook Concepts of Biology by Fowler, Roush, and Wise:  Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 11.


BIOL& 241 Ch. 1 Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 4 Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 5 Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 6 Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 9 Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 10 Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 12 Notes

New!  BIOL& 241 Ch. 13 Notes


BIOL& 241 Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

New!  BIOL& 241 Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

The key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide will be posted on or around 2/11.


BIOL& 241 Lecture Exam Protocols and Multiple Choice Tips



BIOL& 241 Cranial Nerve Exam Informational Handout, Winter 2016

Edited Table 14-4 from Martini et al. (10th Ed.)

Cranial Nerve Exam Sample Grid



As you may have heard, the A&P sequence is tough, and it requires a lot of outside-of-class study time and effort in order for you to give yourself the best chance to excel.  A while back, I asked some of my best A&P students to tell me what they did to help them score well on the lecture exams.  Here's what they said.

Here's an article that references a research study about a simple writing exercise to help reduce test anxiety.

Biology 241L (lab) Announcements

Week 6 (Feb. 9-12) -- The following assignments for this week's labs can be completed outside of regular lab time and should be continued through next weekend:

* Ongoing -- continue to do your outside-of-lab PREP WORK (following the muscle study tips on pp. 25-26 of the Lab Manual as best as you can) by taking the muscles on the Muscle List, finding them, circling/highlighting them, and reading about them in your resources.  For Martini, look in Ch. 11.  In your Netter atlas, use its index to find detailed drawings of what you're looking for.  Learn about the muscles as much as you can from your resources (focusing on each muscle's location, size, shape, fiber direction, depth, and position relative to notable other words, what makes each of them unique/identifiable), so that your valuable lab time this week is spent efficiently with plenty of quality time spent in the cadaver room.  Once you have some of the muscles down, review and study them in your textbooks to help you prepare for Lab Exam 3 next week. 

* OPTIONAL -- if you haven't yet, to help you get to know the muscles better, you can still listen to the "virtual lecture" I recorded using Elluminate software (from Blackboard Collaborate) -- it has all of the best tips I could think of about the muscles on your list.  If you have not used Elluminate before, the first time you click on the link below you will be prompted to download the software and the recording of my talk (and maybe Java, too), and allow them to run on your computer.  Once the Elluminate software is running and the lecture has begun, you may have to click on "Tools" at the top, then "Application Sharing" and then "Scale To Fit" so you can resize the window to fit your screen.  Again, I may have gotten a bit carried away with the talk, as it ended up being about an hour long (don't worry, you can pause/stop it and skip around as you please), but many students have reported that it's been's the link:  Remember:  I recorded it a few years ago (2011) when we had different cadavers and thus different deletions.  Therefore, please pay no mind to whenever I mention muscle deletions...instead, use our current Muscle List (scroll down for the link) to determine which muscles are fair game or not for this particular quarter.  And when I make references to finding certain muscles on specific cadavers, realize that that information is not likely to still be accurate for our current cadavers.

During regular lab time this week (and open lab time this coming weekend, if you wish), you should:

* Continue to follow the muscle study tips in your Lab Manual and, making sure to adhere to the cadaver room protocols, work together to use the Netter atlases in the cadaver room to help you find the muscles on your list on cadavers 1, 2 and 3.  Focus on what makes each muscle unique and identifiable vs. the others.  When you feel like you have some of them down, review them, and then work with a partner to practice testing each other.

* Reminder before you enter the cadaver room in lab, it's always a good idea make sure that you've been eating food and drinking fluids throughout the day -- this will help keep your blood sugar and blood pressure up, and any potential nausea at bay.

Information about next week's labs:

* Lab Exam 3 will take place during your second (or only) lab of next week.  Exception:  if you are registered for lab section TL (Tuesday night), remember that your designated Lab Exam 3 day/time is next Thursday 2/18 at 8PM.  Don't forget:  you must attend your registered lab section (or, in the case of section TL, your designated day/time) for Lab Exams.  (In other words, no "floating" on exam days.) 

* Labs on Tuesday and Wednesday of next week (week 7) will be for review.  If you are in lab section VL (Thursday night), and if you want review time in lab next week, then you will have to "float" into a different lab on Tuesday or Wednesday.  IMPORTANT:  If you come to lab next Tuesday and Wednesday to review the muscles, it might get a little busy and crowded.  If it gets really busy, the lab instructors may need to regulate access to the cadavers; i.e., we may ask (or require) that you please be courteous and respectful to others in the cadaver room by:

* allowing those who are registered for a lab to have priority access during the first hour or so of the lab.  In addition, students in lab section VL (Thursday night) are included in the priority access group. 

* spending no more than 20 minutes or so at a time in the room, rotating out into the main lab to make sure everyone gets a chance to get in there.

* spending no more than 5-10 minutes at a time in one area, rotating over to different spots/cadavers to make sure everyone gets a chance to see each area. 

* Access to the lab for review purposes for all students will end at 1:50PM next Wed. 2/17, at which point I will begin getting the cadaver room ready for Lab Exam 3, which begins the next day.

* More about Lab Exam 3:  to keep the cadaver room from being too crowded during the exam, we will limit the number of BIOL& 241 students in the cadaver room at any one time to 12, which means several students in each lab will be waiting for 15-30 minutes before beginning the exam.  If you'd prefer to be a "waiter" (your study materials must be put away, but you can then have time to relax, "empty your brain" by listing out the muscle names on the back of your answer sheet, work on your spelling, etc.), let your instructor know; otherwise, the "waiters" will be selected randomly.  For additional info about how the exam will go, please read through these--they are the lab exam protocols that will be projected onto the screen during the exam, and let your instructor know if you have any questions or concerns.

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Biology 241L (Lab) Materials for Winter 2016

BIOL& 241L Lab Manual, Winter 2016

BIOL& 241L Muscle List (with deletions), Winter 2016 -- updated 2/1/16


A&P Open Lab Schedule for Winter Quarter 2016:

        Saturdays and Sundays, 8:30A-6:30P (except February 27 and 28)


A&P Links

My colleagues Professor Mark Bolke and Dr. Rick Rausch have compiled extensive collections of links to web resources that you may find useful and interesting during your study of A&P.  Check 'em out!

Professor Mark Bolke's links page

Dr. Rick Rausch's links page

The Archive:  Course Materials From Previous Terms

Biology 251 Course Materials from Spring 2015

Biology 252 Course Materials from Summer 2015

Biology 253 Course Materials from Fall 2015