Tony Chennault's

Human Anatomy and Physiology Page

Welcome to BIOL& 241 (Winter Quarter 2017) at Clark College! 

My Contact Information:

Biology 241 Announcements

Thu. 2/23/17 -- Weekend fun!

* After you take Lab Exam 3 today or tomorrow, I encourage you all to exhale and maybe even try to do something fun to get away from A&P for a short period of time to recharge your batteries for the final stretch of the quarter.  Then, it's time to once again get back into the A&P learning groove!  Which means...

* BEFORE next Tuesday's lecture -- skim the rest of the relevant parts of Ch. 14 that we didn't get to today, and read through the rest of the Ch. 14 notes that we didn't get to today.  We will definitely finish Ch. 14 on Tuesday, so also skim the first 1/3 to 1/2 of the relevant parts of Ch. 15, and read through the first 1/3 to 1/2 of the Ch. 15 notes (they'll be posted soon).  Remember, for Ch. 14, most but not quite all of the reading will be fair game for the next lecture exam.  Here again is the excluded section:

Specific Exclusions (note that all page numbers I refer to are from the 10th Edition of Martini et al.): 

For Chapter 14 (Brain and Cranial Nerves) in Martini et al., I am specifically excluding pp. 492 (starting with the beginning of the “Focus:  Cranial Nerves” section) – 502 (through the end of the “Focus:  Cranial Nerves” section) from your exam material responsibilities.

* AFTER today's class -- read the relevant sections of Ch. 14 that we discussed today (coordinating the reading with your notes), and as always, take advantage of the 4 days between classes to ACTIVELY study and learn the concepts.  Remember, examples of ACTIVE studying include re-writing/typing/organizing/phrasing your notes, making flashcards, mind-mapping, and more...above all, try to paraphrase (put the info into your own words) if you can.  Work first to UNDERSTAND the concepts, and then work to convert that understanding into KNOWLEDGE (there is a big difference between the two!).  Resources for helping you UNDERSTAND the concepts include:  your book, your classmates, the web, and your instructor (me!).

* Cranial Nerve Exam Want to get the Cranial Nerve Exam out of the way?  Since there are no exams scheduled for next week, the next few days might be a good time to step up your studying of the cranial nerves info and try to knock out that test sometime next week.  Remember, you do technically have until Fri. March 10th at 1:45PM, but some of you may rather work your tails off to get a great score on that test earlier rather than later and not have to worry about it anymore.  It's up to you!  

I'll provide you a grading update sometime this weekend (as soon as I've accomplished enough to have something to report).  Let me know if you have any questions or concerns, and see you Tuesday!

Thu. 2/16/17 -- For continuing Clark students, the registration period for Spring Quarter begins next Monday 2/21.  If you're planning to continue the A&P sequence with me (BIOL& 242 in the spring), please register for both a lab section and a lecture section when your registration time comes, if there's space available.  If there is not space available in any of the lab sections, get on the waitlist for a lab section.  If all sections and waitlists are full by the time you get to register, you'll have to check back online regularly before Spring Quarter begins for open spots.  If Spring Quarter arrives and you still haven't been able to get in, let me know and I'll find a spot for you somewhere (I promise I won't leave behind any students who begin the A&P sequence with me and are eligible to complete it with me!).

By being currently registered for BIOL& 241, you should not need a course entry code to register for BIOL& 242 in the spring.  We still have an old and clunky registration system, so Clark's Advising Office has stated that if there is space available, you should attempt to register for a lab section first, or, alternatively, try to register for both a lab section and a lecture section at the same time, with the lab section listed first.  Otherwise, you might get an "unmet co-requisite" error message since the lab is a mandatory co-requisite for the lecture (again, you should not need a course entry code if you get this specific error message).  If you try registering for a lab and lecture in this way (and all other possible combinations) and none of these strategies work (or you get a different error message), you can contact Registration to see what the problem is, or you may need to contact Advising to get a course entry code -- for some reason, this is the situation for a few students every year.  Thank you for securing your spots in BIOL& 242 (both lab and lecture) promptly, I appreciate it!

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Biology 241 Course Materials for Winter 2017

BIOL& 241 Syllabus, Winter 2017


Note:  because the prerequisite for BIOL& 241 is successful completion of BIOL& 160, you should be fundamentally proficient in the following learning outcomes from the textbook Concepts of Biology by Fowler, Roush, and Wise:  Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 11.


BIOL& 241 Ch. 1 (Intro to A&P) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 4 (Tissues) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 5 (Integumentary) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 6 (Bone) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 9 (Joints) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 10 (Muscle Tissue) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 12 (Neural Tissue) Notes

BIOL& 241 Ch. 13 (Spinal Cord/Nerves/Reflexes) Notes

New!  BIOL& 241 Ch. 14 (Brain) Notes


BIOL& 241 Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

BIOL& 241 Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide


BIOL& 241 Lecture Exam Protocols and Multiple Choice Exam Tips


BIOL& 241 Cranial Nerve Exam Informational Handout, Winter 2017

Edited Table 14-4 from Martini et al. (10th Ed.)

Cranial Nerve Exam Sample Grid


Did you know that Clark College Career Services offers FREE Student Success Workshops on a variety of topics, including note-taking for college success, reading for college success, memory strategies, test anxiety, stress management, procrastination, creating a support system in college, and more?  Click here for more info, including a link to the workshop schedule for Winter Quarter 2017...and if the workshop time you're interested in has already occurred, occurs too late in the quarter to be of any help to you for this quarter, or conflicts with your schedule, contact them to see if you can still at least get the information that they offer on each topic. 

FREE science- and biology-specific tutoring (including for BIOL& 241!) is offered in BHL 101/102.  Their phone number is 360.992.2694, and click here for the schedule.

As you've probably heard, the A&P sequence is tough, and it requires a lot of outside-of-class study time and effort in order for you to give yourself the best chance to excel.  A while back, I asked some of my best A&P students to tell me what they did to help them score well on the lecture exams.  Here's what they said.

Here's an article that references a research study about a simple writing exercise to help reduce test anxiety

Biology 241L (LAB) Announcements

Week 7 (Feb. 21-24) -- Preparation for Lab Exam 3:

* Continue to review and study the muscles on your list (using both your textbooks and the cadavers in lab), and then work with a partner to practice testing each other.

* Labs on Tuesday and Wednesday of this week will be for review.  If you are in lab section VL (Thursday night), and if you want review time in lab this week, then you will have to "float" into a different lab on Tuesday or Wednesday.  IMPORTANT:  If you come to lab on Tuesday or Wednesday to review the muscles, it might get a little busy and crowded.  If it gets really busy, the lab instructors may need to regulate access to the cadavers; i.e., we may ask (or require) that you please be courteous and respectful to others in the cadaver room by:

* allowing those who are registered for a lab to have priority access during the first hour or so of the lab.  In addition, students in lab section VL (Thursday night) are included in the priority access group. 

* spending no more than 20 minutes or so at a time in the room, rotating out into the main lab to make sure everyone gets a chance to get in there.

* spending no more than 5-10 minutes at a time in one area, rotating over to different spots/cadavers to make sure everyone gets a chance to see each area. 

* Access to the lab for review purposes for all students will end at 2:50PM this Wed. 2/22, at which point I will begin getting the cadaver room ready for Lab Exam 3, which begins the next day.

* Reminderbefore you enter the cadaver room in lab, it's always a good idea make sure that you've been eating food and drinking fluids throughout the day -- this will help keep your blood sugar and blood pressure up, and any potential nausea at bay.

* Muscle virtual lecture link:

More about Lab Exam 3:

* Lab Exam 3 will take place during your second (or only) lab of this week.  Exception:  if you are registered for lab section TL (Tuesday night), remember that your designated Lab Exam 3 day/time is this Thursday 2/23 at 8PM.  Don't forget:  you must attend your registered lab section (or, in the case of section TL, your designated day/time) for Lab Exams.  (In other words, no "floating" on exam days.) 

* Note:  to keep the cadaver room from being too crowded during the exam, we will limit the number of BIOL& 241 students in the cadaver room at any one time to 12, which means several students in each lab will be waiting for 15-30 minutes before beginning the exam.  If you'd prefer to be a "waiter" (your study materials must be put away, but you can then have time to relax, "empty your brain" by listing out the muscle names on the back of your answer sheet, work on your spelling, etc.), let your instructor know; otherwise, the "waiters" will be selected randomly.  For additional info about how the exam will go, please read through these--they are the lab exam protocols that will be projected onto the screen during the exam, and let your instructor know if you have any questions or concerns.

After you take Lab Exam 3:

Whew, what a week!  Take a deep breath or two, and when you're ready dive back in for the home stretch of the quarter, here are some things you can do to prepare for Unit 4, Part A (Nervous System), which is the focus of next week's (Week 8's) labs...

* Start doing your outside-of-lab PREP WORKtake the organs and structures in Unit 4 (Part A) of the Lab Manual (pp. 31-33) and start finding them, circling/highlighting them, and reading about them in your textbooks.  For Martini, look in Ch. 13 (spinal cord and nerves) and Ch. 14 (brain).  In Leboffe, check out Ch. 8 for good histological images of the spinal cord and nerves.  Finally, use the index of your Netter atlas to find detailed drawings of what you're looking for.  Overall, learn about the organs and structures on your list as much as you can outside of class (focusing on what makes each of them unique/identifiable), so that your valuable lab time is spent efficiently with the slides, models, sheep brains, and cadavers.   

* You can also start finding one FUNCTION for each organ/structure that has an asterisk (*) next to it in Unit 4 (Part A) of the Lab Manual.  Martini (Ch. 13 and 14), Leboffe (Ch. 8), and my lecture notes are good initial resources for functions -- feel free to team up and work together to share your findings with each other if you want!  Make a separate function list to help you learn them.     

* If/when you feel you are ready, you are also welcome to come to open labs this coming weekend -- all of the Unit 4 models and slides will be out and available for study.  Work together and use your resources (see above)!  Note:  working this weekend to find the specific brain structures on the models will help you when it comes time to find them on the sheep brain next week (see the next paragraph...).

* During your first (or only) lab meeting of next week (Week 8), we will be doing the sheep brain dissection activity.  To prepare, BEFORE you come your first (or only) lab meeting of next week, take a look at the labeled sheep brain handout (which you received when you turned in Lab Exam 3), and learn some of the major sheep brain structures on the diagrams as best as you can...this will make learning these structures on the actual sheep brain during next week's activity much easier.  Also, as noted above, it will also help if you've already found the brain structures that are on your list on the human brain (at a minimum, on the pictures in your resources (see above), and if you get a chance over the weekend, on the models in lab).  

Thu. 2/16/17 -- When I checked the muscles on our cadavers last week, I intended to delete flexor hallucis brevis, but I accidentally forgot.  Please cross out this muscle on your list.  Thanks!

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Biology 241L (Lab) Materials for Winter 2017

BIOL& 241L Lab Manual, Winter 2017

Muscle List (with deletions) -- additional deletion on 2/16/17:  flexor hallucis brevis


STEM Building (SBG) A&P Open Lab Schedule for Winter Quarter 2017:

·        8:30AM-6:30PM on 1/14, 1/15, 1/28, 1/29, 2/4, 2/5, 2/18, 2/19, 2/25, 2/26, 3/11, and 3/12

·        If our A&P Lab (SBG 315) is locked during the above dates/times, find the instructor next door in SBG 309, and he or she will let you in to our lab.

A&P Links

My colleagues Professor Mark Bolke and Dr. Rick Rausch have compiled extensive collections of links to web resources that you may find useful and interesting during your study of A&P.  Check 'em out!

Professor Mark Bolke's links page

Dr. Rick Rausch's links page

The Archive:  Course Materials From Previous Terms

Biology 160 Course Materials from Fall 2016

Biology 241 Course Materials from Winter 2016 -- Note:  if you are taking my BIOL& 241 course this winter (2017), feel free to preview these but do not print them, as I will be editing them during the quarter and some content and/or organization may change.  I'll have the "new and improved" versions of my notes posted in the "Biology 241 Course Materials for Winter 2017" section of this website (scroll up) by the night before each lecture at the latest, and most often sooner.

Biology 242 Course Materials from Spring 2016