Tony Chennault's

Human Anatomy and Physiology Page

Welcome to BIOL& 242 (Spring Quarter 2016) at Clark College! 

My Contact Information:

Biology 242 Announcements

Thu. 5/26/16 -- Since the Blood Tracing Exam is due at the end of next week, I anticipate most of you will be taking this exam next week.  Because we will be busy in lab next week, in order to minimize crowding and distractions in lab, I will be offering the following outside-of-lab options next week for taking the Blood Tracing Exam (all will be in APH 202, which is our regular lecture classroom):

* Tue. 5/31 10-10:50AM (before the morning lecture; make sure to arrive in time to finish by 10:50 -- the room will be closed to non-test taking students until 10:50)

* Tue. 5/31 6:30-7:20PM

* Wed. 6/1 2-2:50PM

* Thu. 6/2 10-10:50AM (before the morning lecture; make sure to arrive in time to finish by 10:50 -- the room will be closed to non-test taking students until 10:50)

* Thu. 6/2 6:30-7:20PM

* Fri. 6/3 2-2:50P (note that I've extended the deadline from 1:45PM to 2:50PM this day)

If you've already taken the Blood Tracing Exam or are taking it this week in lab, thank you.  If you're planning on taking it next week, please take it during one of the above times if possible.  Please let me know if you have any questions or concerns about this.  Thanks! 

Wed. 5/25/16 -- Now that there are about three weeks left in the quarter, I suggest that you soon begin devoting a little bit of time each day to reviewing for the cumulative Final Exam.  For more information about the Final, plus advice on how best to prepare for it, please read the Final Exam Study Tips document that I've posted below the Prep Guide section of this page (scroll down for the link).

Tue. 5/24/16 -- When you get your graded Lecture Exam 2 back, you may notice some hand-corrected adjustments on your Scantron form.  Click here to read about these grading adjustments.

Week 8 (May 24-27) -- This week's lecture assignments:

* BEFORE each lecture -- read (or at least skim) the relevant parts of the upcoming chapters in Martini, and read through the upcoming lecture note slides.  After we finish up Ch. 24 on Tuesday, we may be able to begin Ch. 23, which will be our focus for the rest of the week.

Please note:  during this lecture unit, you will not be responsible for every page of Chapters 24, 23, and 26.  To help guide your readings during the next couple of weeks, please note the excluded sections below:

Specific Exclusions (note that all page numbers I refer to are from the 10th Edition of Martini et al.):


For Chapter 24 (The Digestive System) in Martini et al., I am specifically excluding pp. 928 (starting with the beginning of Section 24-9) through the end of the chapter from your lecture exam material responsibilities.


For Chapter 23 (The Respiratory System), I am specifically excluding p. 872 (starting with the “Changes in the Respiratory System at Birth” section title) through the end of the chapter from your lecture exam material responsibilities.


For Chapter 26 (The Urinary System), I am specifically excluding pp. 1009 (starting with the beginning of Section 26-7) through the end of the chapter from your lecture exam material responsibilities.  In addition, note that the structures of urinary system gross anatomy and histology on the “FYI” lecture note slides are not fair game for Lecture Exam 3.  

* AFTER each lecture -- get a second reading (or your first reading, if you only skimmed before) of the relevant sections of the chapter(s) that we discussed (coordinating the reading with your notes), and ACTIVELY study and learn the concepts.  Examples of ACTIVE include re-writing/typing/organizing/phrasing your notes, making flashcards, mind-mapping...above all, try to paraphrase (put the info into your own words) if you can.  Remember, you're always working first to UNDERSTAND the concepts, and then you work to convert that understanding into KNOWLEDGE (there is a big difference between the two!).  Resources for helping you UNDERSTAND the concepts include:  your book, your classmates, the web, and your instructor (me!).  

* Spend a little time REVIEWING concepts you already have down from last week.

* When you get your graded Lecture Exam 2 back, once again, use it as a learning tool!  After you've checked your answers against the notes and textbook, let me know if you have any questions.

Sun. 5/22/16 -- Solid work overall on another challenging test, folks:  the average for Lecture Exam 2 was 115.1/145 (79.4%).  Find your score here.  You'll get your graded Lecture Exam 2 back at the end of Tuesday's lecture.  See you then!  

Fri. 5/20/16 -- I have noticed that recently there has been an increase in the number of students arriving late to lectures.  Please try your best to organize and manage your time in a way that gives you enough of a time cushion to arrive BEFORE lecture begins.  However, I understand that sometimes, despite your best efforts, circumstances may be such that you still end up being late for class.  This is a reminder that if you arrive late to a lecture, please be respectful to the rest of the class and 1) have your notes/pencils/etc. out of your bag BEFORE you enter the room, 2) close the door gently after you enter, and 3) quietly take a seat near the back of the lecture hall (there are some extra seats along the back wall if there are no more desks available in the back when you arrive)Also, if you're late, please do not come to the front of the classroom to place a recording device.  As you know, lecture time is valuable (we always have a lot of concepts to discuss!), so class will begin promptly at the top of the hour.  It is distracting and frustrating to myself and the rest of the students to have late arrivals loudly entering the room, rummaging through their things, and moving around much of the room to find a seat.  While I'm on the topic of distractions, please also make sure your phone is on airplane mode if you use it to record lectures (to avoid having the phone ring or vibrate in response to an incoming call), and if you must eat during lecture, make sure it does not involve distractingly loud/noisy food and packaging.  Thank you for your help in making our classroom as good of a learning environment as possible, I really appreciate it! 


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Biology 242 Course Materials for Spring 2016

BIOL& 242 Syllabus, Spring 2016



BIOL& 242 Ch. 18 Notes

BIOL& 242 Hormone Chart

BIOL& 242 Ch. 28 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 29 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 19 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 20 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 21 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 22 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 24 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 23 Notes  


BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide 

BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

The BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam 3 Prep Guide will be posted sometime toward the end of week 8.


New!  BIOL& 242 Cumulative Final Exam Study Tips

BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam Protocols and Multiple Choice Exam Tips



BIOL& 242 Blood Tracing Exam Informational Handout, Spring 2016



As you know, the A&P sequence is tough, and it requires a lot of outside-of-class study time and effort in order for you to give yourself the best chance to excel.  A while back, I asked some of my best A&P students to tell me what they did to help them score well on the lecture exams.  Here's what they said.

Here's an article that references a research study about a simple writing exercise to help reduce test anxiety.

Biology 242L (lab) Announcements

Week 8 (May 24-27) -- Preparation for Lab Exam 3:

 * Continue to review and study the digestive structures (including functions) from Unit 3 (pp. 24-28) of the Lab Manual.  Remember, your resources for this unit include Martini Ch. 24, my Ch. 24 lecture notes, Leboffe Ch. 14, Netter (use the index) and the web.

* Labs on Tuesday and Wednesday this week will be for review and practice testing.  If you are in lab section VL (Thursday night), and if you want review time in lab this week, then you will have to "float" into a different lab on Tuesday or Wednesday.

* Access to the lab for review purposes will end at 1:50PM this Wed. 5/25, at which point the lab instructors will begin setting up Lab Exam 3, which begins the next day.

More about Lab Exam 3:

* Lab Exam 3 will take place during your second (or only) lab of this week.  Exception:  if you are registered for lab section TL (Tuesday night), remember that your designated Lab Exam 3 day/time is this Thursday 5/26 at 8PM.  Don't forget:  you must attend your registered lab section (or, in the case of section TL, your designated day/time) for Lab Exams.  (In other words, no "floating" on exam days.) 

* At some point before your lab exam this week, please read through these ahead of time -- they are the lab exam protocols that will be projected onto the screen during the exam.

After you take Lab Exam 3:

Whew!  Take a deep breath or two, and when you're ready dive back in for the home stretch of the quarter, here are some things you can do to prepare for next week's labs...

* Start doing your outside-of-lab PREP WORK take the respiratory and urinary structures in Unit 4 (pp. 29-32) of the Lab Manual (note that there are three deletions--scroll down for the details), and before you show up for your next lab, start finding them, circling/highlighting them, and reading/learning about them in your textbooks.  For Martini, look in Ch. 23 (respiratory) and Ch. 26 (urinary), and in Leboffe, look in Ch. 15 (respiratory) and Ch. 16 (urinary).  And of course, use the index of your Netter atlas to find detailed drawings of what you're looking for.  Overall, learn about these structures as much as you can ahead of time (focusing on what makes each of them unique/identifiable), so that your valuable lab time is spent efficiently with the models and slides. Please note that next week Monte and I will do our official in-lab histology lessons/presentations on the respiratory and urinary systems, so it will greatly benefit you to be well prepared ahead of time. 

* You can also start finding one FUNCTION for each organ/structure that has an asterisk (*) next to it in Unit 4 (pp. 29-32) of the Lab Manual.  Martini (Ch. 23 and 26), Leboffe (Ch. 15 and 16), and my lecture notes are good initial resources for functions -- feel free to team up and work together to share your findings with each other if you want!  Make a separate function list to help you learn them.     

* If/when you feel you are ready, you are also welcome to come to open labs this coming weekend -- all of the Unit 4 models and slides will be out and available for study.  Work together and use your resources (see above)!   

Tue. 5/17/16 -- Please delete "mucous cells" from stomach histology (p. 26 of the Lab Manual).  We don't seem to have enough slides anymore that show them clearly.  Please note that you can still easily find mucous (goblet) cells on the small intestine and large intestine slides.

Wed. 5/11/16 -- The "Deletions and Changes" for Unit 3 (Digestive) of lab are now available...scroll down past the Lab Manual for the link.  A hard copy will be posted on the bulletin board in lab, and there will be many hard copies available in the cadaver room.  Adjust your lists accordingly...thanks!


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Biology 242L (Lab) Materials for Spring 2016

BIOL& 242L Lab Manual, Spring 2016

Unit 1 (endo/repro) deletion:  corpus albicans (p. 14) -- updated 4/12/16

Unit 2 (cardiovascular) deletions and changes -- updated 4/26/16

Unit 3 (digestive) deletions and changes; Please also delete "mucous cells" from stomach histology (p. 26 of the Lab Manual) -- updated 5/17/16

New!  Unit 4 (respiratory/urinary) deletions:  hilum (p. 30), hilum (p. 32), and urethra (p. 32) -- updated 5/24/16


A&P Open Lab Schedule for Spring Quarter 2016:

·        Saturdays and Sundays, 8:30A-6:30P (except April 23 and 24)


A&P Links

My colleagues Professor Mark Bolke and Dr. Rick Rausch have compiled extensive collections of links to web resources that you may find useful and interesting during your study of A&P.  Check 'em out!

Professor Mark Bolke's links page

Dr. Rick Rausch's links page

The Archive:  Course Materials From Previous Terms

Biology 251 Course Materials from Spring 2015

Biology 252 Course Materials from Summer 2015

Biology 253 Course Materials from Fall 2015

Biology 241 Course Materials from Winter 2016