Tony Chennault's

Human Anatomy and Physiology Page

Welcome to BIOL& 242 (Spring Quarter 2016) at Clark College! 

My Contact Information:

Biology 242 Announcements

Wed. 2/4/16 -- The updated Ch. 22 notes and Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide are now available (scroll down for the links).

Tue. 2/3/16 -- We will discuss this document, which has additional information about Lecture Exam 1, as well as post-grading protocols, at the end of lecture today.

Also, when you get your graded Lecture Exam 1 back, you may notice some hand-corrected adjustments on your Scantron form.  Click here to read about these grading adjustments.

Week 5 (May 3-6) -- This week's lecture assignments:

* BEFORE each lecture -- read (or at least skim) the relevant parts of the upcoming chapters in Martini, and read through the upcoming lecture note slides.   After we finish up Ch. 20 on Tuesday, our focus for the rest of the week will likely be Ch. 21 (I'll try my best to have the updated Ch. 22 notes posted sometime Wednesday just in case).

Please note:  during this lecture unit, you will not be responsible for every page of Chapters 21 and 22.  To help guide your readings during the next couple of weeks, please note the excluded sections below:

Specific Exclusions (note that all page numbers I refer to are from the 10th Edition of Martini et al.):


For Chapter 21 (Blood Vessels and Circulation) in Martini et al., I am specifically excluding pp. 752 (starting with the beginning of the “Vascular Supply to Special Regions” section) through the end of the chapter from your lecture exam material responsibilities.


For Chapter 22 (The Lymphatic System and Immunity), I am specifically excluding pp. 818 (starting with the beginning of Section 22-7) through the end of the chapter from your lecture exam material responsibilities.

* AFTER each lecture -- get a second reading (or your first reading, if you only skimmed before) of the relevant sections of the chapter(s) that we discussed (coordinating the reading with your notes), and ACTIVELY study and learn the concepts.  Examples of ACTIVE include re-writing/typing/organizing/phrasing your notes, making flashcards, mind-mapping...above all, try to paraphrase (put the info into your own words) if you can.  Remember, you're always working first to UNDERSTAND the concepts, and then you work to convert that understanding into KNOWLEDGE (there is a big difference between the two!).  Resources for helping you UNDERSTAND the concepts include:  your book, your classmates, the web, and your instructor (me!).  

* Spend a little time REVIEWING concepts you already have down from last week.

* Once you get your graded Lecture Exam 1 back, use it as a learning tool!  Follow the post-grading protocols outlined in the document linked above in the most recent announcement.

Sun. 5/1/16 -- Good job overall on a challenging Lecture Exam 1, folks:  the mean was 113.9/145 (78.6%) and the median was 116.8/145 (80.6%).  Find your score here.  You'll get your graded Lecture Exam 1 back at the end of lecture Tuesday.  See you then!


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Biology 242 Course Materials for Spring 2016

BIOL& 242 Syllabus, Spring 2016



BIOL& 242 Ch. 18 Notes

BIOL& 242 Hormone Chart

BIOL& 242 Ch. 28 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 29 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 19 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 20 Notes

BIOL& 242 Ch. 21 Notes

New!  BIOL& 242 Ch. 22 Notes


BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide

Key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 1 Prep Guide 

New!  BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide

The key to the multiple choice questions on the Lecture Exam 2 Prep Guide will be posted on or around 5/12.


BIOL& 242 Lecture Exam Protocols and Multiple Choice Exam Tips



BIOL& 242 Blood Tracing Exam Informational Handout, Spring 2016



As you know, the A&P sequence is tough, and it requires a lot of outside-of-class study time and effort in order for you to give yourself the best chance to excel.  A while back, I asked some of my best A&P students to tell me what they did to help them score well on the lecture exams.  Here's what they said.

Here's an article that references a research study about a simple writing exercise to help reduce test anxiety.

Biology 242L (lab) Announcements

Week 5 (May 3-6) -- The following assignments for this week's labs can be completed outside of regular lab time and should be continued through next weekend:

* Ongoing -- continue to do your outside-of-lab PREP WORK by taking the cells/tissues/organs/structures/vessels in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual (pp. 16-23) and finding them, circling/highlighting them, and reading about them in your textbooks.  For Martini, look in Ch. 19 (blood), Ch. 20 (heart), and Ch. 21 (blood vessels).  In Leboffe, check out Ch. 6 (blood) and Ch. 12 (blood vessels) for good histological images.  Finally, use the index of your Netter atlas to find detailed drawings of what you're looking for.  In addition, some of you might have Martini's Atlas of the Human Body; if so, you'll find good photos of real anatomy in there.  Overall, learn about the items on your list as much as you can outside of class (focusing on what makes each of them unique/identifiable), so that your valuable lab time is spent efficiently with the slides, models, sheep hearts, and cadavers.  Once you have some of the structures down, review and study them to prepare for Lab Exam 2 next week. 

* Ongoing -- continue to work on finding one FUNCTION for each item that has an asterisk (*) next to it in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual.  Martini (Ch. 19, 20, 21), Leboffe (Ch. 6, 12), the FYI intro/background material in the Lab Manual, and my lecture notes are good initial resources for functions -- feel free to team up and work together to share your findings with each other if you want!  Make a separate function list to help you learn them.  Study your functions, review them, and when you feel like you have some of them down, work with a partner to practice testing each other.  

During regular lab time this week (and open lab time this coming weekend, if you wish), you should:

* Continue to use your resources (see above) and work together to find the cells/tissues/organs/structures/vessels in Unit 2 of the Lab Manual (pp. 16-23) on the slides, models, sheep hearts, and cadavers available in lab.  Focus on what makes each specific item unique and identifiable vs. the others.  When you feel like you have some of them down, review them, and then work with a partner to practice testing each other. 

Information about next week's labs:

* Lab Exam 2 will take place during your first (or only) lab of next week.  Exception:  if you are registered for lab section VL (Thursday night), remember that your designated Lab Exam 2 day/time is next Tuesday 5/10 at 8PM.  Don't forget:  you must attend your registered lab section (or, in the case of section VL, your designated day/time) for Lab Exams.  (In other words, no "floating" on exam days.) 

* Access to the lab for review purposes for all students will end at 6:30PM next Sun. 5/8 (when the open lab for the day ends).  The lab instructors will be utilizing Monday 5/9 to get the models, slides, sheep hearts, and cadavers ready for Lab Exam 2, which begins the next day.

* At some point before your lab exam next week, please read through these ahead of time -- they are the lab exam protocols that will be projected onto the screen during the exam.

* Please note:  labs on Thursday (5/12) and Friday (5/13) of next week (week 6) will be for getting started with Unit 3 (the digestive system) of lab; you are strongly encouraged to attend lab one of those two days.  If you are in lab section TL (Tuesday night), then you are invited to "float" into any other lab next Thursday or Friday so that you get the important information and experience you need to get off to a strong start with Unit 3 of lab.  

Tue. 4/26/16 -- One more change on p. 22 of the Lab Manual:  the inferior thyroid artery should be "(cadaver 2 only)" is not present on the models.  The "Deletions and Changes" document for the blood vessel list of Unit 2 (Cardiovascular) of lab has been updated to reflect this additional change...scroll down past the Lab Manual for the updated link.


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Biology 242L (Lab) Materials for Spring 2016

BIOL& 242L Lab Manual, Spring 2016

Unit 1 (endo/repro) deletion:  corpus albicans (p. 14) -- updated 4/12/16

Unit 2 (cardiovascular) deletions and changes -- updated 4/26/16


A&P Open Lab Schedule for Spring Quarter 2016:

·        Saturdays and Sundays, 8:30A-6:30P (except April 23 and 24)


A&P Links

My colleagues Professor Mark Bolke and Dr. Rick Rausch have compiled extensive collections of links to web resources that you may find useful and interesting during your study of A&P.  Check 'em out!

Professor Mark Bolke's links page

Dr. Rick Rausch's links page

The Archive:  Course Materials From Previous Terms

Biology 251 Course Materials from Spring 2015

Biology 252 Course Materials from Summer 2015

Biology 253 Course Materials from Fall 2015

Biology 241 Course Materials from Winter 2016